UITP BUS COMMITTEE

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UITP BUS COMMITTEE SINCE 1ST MEETING IN BRUSSELS 1960 TO 100TH MEETING IN PRAGUE 2016

CONTENTS

BUSES AND TROLLEYBUSES IN UITP’S HISTORY… AND BEYOND SEARCHED, SELECTED AND COMPILED FROM UITP’S ARCHIVE AT THE OCCASION OF THE 100TH BUS COMMITTEE MEETING

1. UITP’S MILESTONES ....................................................................................................... 3 2. BUS AND TROLLEYBUS TECHNOLOGY AND DEVELOPMENTS FROM THE BEGINNINGS ................................................................................................. 5 3. BUSES WITHIN THE ASSOCIATION BEFORE THE BUS COMMITTEE ........................... 8

Travelling through history and UITP’s archives is always a rich experience as it reveals the evolution of transport modes, habits and ideas. This is also true for buses and trolleybuses. We hope that this non exhaustive material put together for the 100th meeting of the Bus Committee of UITP’s Bus Division will make you discover those invaluable archives.

• CONGRESS REPORTS AND ARTICLES 1885-1960 ..................................................... 9 4. BUS COMMITTEE – THE ROUTE FROM 1960 TO 2016 ................................................. 10 • BUS CONFERENCES .................................................................................................. 10 • CONGRESS REPORTS SINCE 1961 ............................................................................ 10 5. BUS COMMITTEE CHAIRMEN ........................................................................................ 12 6. HISTORY LIST OF ALL BUS COMMITTEE MEETING PLACES ...................................... 13

UITP’S MILESTONES 1885 - 17 August, foundation of the « Union Internationale Permanente de Tramways » 63 companies from 9 countries interested in the project, including 55 operators. 44 delegates participate in the first meeting in Brussels during which Gustave Michelet presents for the first time the objectives of the new association. 1886 - First Congress takes place in Berlin, with 110 participants from 6 countries. Gustave MICHELET (Tramways Bruxellois) is elected as the first President with J FISCHERDICK (Grosse Berliner Pferde-Eisenbahn-Gesellschaft) as Vice-President and Fernand NONNENBERG as the first Secretary General. Rules are adopted as well as the official languages, French and German. Brussels selected as the official location of the association 1914 - The 18th Congress that was planned to take place in Budapest is cancelled due to the outbreak of the First World War. No other congress will take place until 1922 and the activities of the association will be reduced. 1922 - A new association is founded with members of allied and neutral nations. A new name is chosen “Union internationale des tramways, de chemins de fer d'intér t local et de transports publics automobiles" to take into account the rapid emergence of the bus.

2

3

1927 - An important meeting is held in Basel (Switzerland) during which members of the Union and members of the ”Internationaler Strassenbahn- und Kleinbahn- Verein” (the nations excluded post-war) decide to reconstitute the association to its pre-1914 status. The German language is reintroduced as an official language and the decision is also taken to open communications and published reports to other languages (mainly English).

BUS AND TROLLEYBUS TECHNOLOGY AND DEVELOPMENTS FROM THE BEGINNINGS…

The 50th anniversary of the Union is celebrated during a special meeting held in Brussels in 1935. The meeting is held in the presence of HM King Leopold III of Belgium in the presence of some 1,500 delegates. In 1939, the association adopts a new name “International Union of Public Transport - UITP” 1940 - Due to war, activities of the association are reduced to a minimum. A German administrator controls the association 1945-46 – The Belgian members of the Management Committee meet in Brussels to evaluate the future of the association. Belgian, French and British members decide that the association should continue with its activities as it did before the war. No decisions will be made regarding how to approach the German members, indeed no contact will be made with them, until peace treaties are signed 1949 - Adoption of the "Ben England" motion suggesting that "the status of member is open to all public transport companies without any discrimination". This motion opened the door to the reintegration of German and Austrian members in the association and turned UITP into a real worldwide association. After World War II, UITP gradually moves from a strongly technical focus to also deal with political issues, taking on an international and regional advocacy role in support and on behalf of the collective mobility sector 1959 – Paris, organization for the first of a major exhibition of vehicles and equipment 1960 – Birth of the International Commission for the Standardization of Motorbuses 1965 – Tel Aviv, first congress outside Europe 1965 – Commission for the Standardization of Motorbuses -> Commission for the Study of Motorbuses 1977 – Montréal, first congress organized in North America 1983 - Rio de Janeiro, first congress organized in Latin America 1985 – Brussels, commemoration of the 100 years of existence of the association 1989 – Commission for the Study of Motorbuses -> UITP Bus Committee 1993 – Sydney, first congress organized in Oceania 2001 – London, statutory reform: creation Bus Division (Bus Assembly + Bus Committee) 2011 – Dubai, first congress in the MENA region 2014 – Abu Dhabi - Birth of the Trolleybus Committee 2016 – Prague – 100th Bus Committee

1830 (since) – United Kingdom, France… use of steam buses 1886 - Karl BENZ patents the first successful gasoline-driven automobile, the “Benz Patent Motorwagen” (built for the first time in 1885) and designs its first truck in 1889 1890’s - Rudolf Diesel develops a high-speed compression ignition engine 1895 – An adapted Benz truck is used by the “Netphener Omnibus-Gesellschaft” 1898 - First internal combustion enginepowered buses in operation (United Kingdom 1898, Germany 1903, New York 1905, Paris 1906…) 1902 - First trolleybus line in operation in Germany 1920-21 - Pneumatic tires used for buses and first Diesel motors for bus propulsion 1929 - The first articulated bus enters in service

4

5

1930-1950’s - The trolleybuses experiences a golden age with major developments in the UK, France, Brazil, USSR, Germany and Switzerland 1930’s - Growing importance of the bus mode revolutionizes urban services (replacing numerous tramway networks) and offers the possibility to greatly improve services in rural areas 1942 - France, definition of standard trolleybuses (type A to D according to their length) 1945 - After the war, the tramway decline continues particularly in North America although it is maintained and even developed in some European countries like Switzerland, Germany, USSR and Austria… The bus benefits as a result After the 1950s, public transport sees a general decline due to the continued increase in private car traffic and lack of interest from public authority’s trolleybuses, which are considered too costly and insufficiently flexible, are replaced by buses 1952 - First modern articulated buses and trolleybuses

1967 - Development by the VÖV (Germany) of a standard urban bus (SL 1) that enters service in 1968 1973 - Development of a standard regional bus concept in Germany 1978 - Development of the dual-mode trolleybus 1983 - Second generation of standard buses developed in Germany 1986 – “O-Bahn” busway opens in Adelaide 1989 - Presentation of the concept for a low-floor standard bus 2000’s - The “Bus Rapid Transit” concept develops on a large scale, based on pioneering experiences from Curitiba (1974, 1979-1980), Ottawa (Transitway - 1983) and Adelaide (O-Bahn – 1986). Diversification of new fuels for buses; clean fuels, hybrid buses, fuel cells, electromobility … to cope with future fossil fuel shortages 2001 – European directive on buses (2001/85/ EC) accessible bus and passenger safety

1958 – Flywheel operational tests in Léopoldville and in Switzerland 1965 - The first new standard urban buses designed by RATP and UTPUR are on the French roads

6

7

BUSES WITHIN THE ASSOCIATION BEFORE THE BUS COMMITTEE Mainly based on rail activities in the first years of its existence, the association looks at the road sector for the first time in a report published for the Congress held in Munich in September 1908 entitled « Avantages et inconvénients des autobus ; leurs résultats d’exploitation » (MAUCLERE - Paris).

Madrid, 1953 – “Organisation of repair-shops and depots: motorbuses and trolleybuses” (L Lagarrigue) and “Rolling stock: trends in motorbus construction” (A A M Durrant) Naples, 1955 – “Use of trailers for buses and trolleybuses; articulated vehicles” (O Miescher)

Between 1908 and 1960, 28 congress reports will be devoted to buses and 12 to trolleybuses.

Hamburg – Berlin, 1957 – “Latest progress in motorbus construction and present trends” (L Lagarrigue)

Paris, 1924 – « Le moteur pratique des transports publics automobiles » (BONHOMME Paris)

Paris, 1959 – “Trends in motorbus construction” (E R L Fitzpayne – W M Little)

Barcelona, 1926 - « Aménagement technique de l’autobus » (Chauchat) and «  Disposition des carrosseries d’autobus » (De Croës – Bruxelles) Rome, 1928 - « Agent de force motrice pour transports automobiles » (Guiffart) Warsaw, 1930 – three reports dealing with « Emploi de moteurs huile lourde sur voies ferrées et sur routes » (H Arnold et F Eichelhardt), the « Perfectionnements apportés dans la construction du matériel roulant sur voies ferrées et sur routes en vue d’augmenter le confort des voyageurs… » (P Kremer) and the « Comparaison des transports en commun, chemins de fer d’intér t local, tramways, omnibus automobiles, entre eux et avec les transports particuliers… » (P. Nestrypke) The Hague, 1932 – Many reports are at the menu : « Exploitation par trolleybus » (Ch Harmel - R Vente), « Horaires économiques pour tramways et lignes d’autobus sur les sections o il y a une circulation tr s dense… » (Nieuwenhuis), « Comparaison des transports en commun, chemins de fer d’intér t local, tramways, omnibus automobiles – le rail et la route » (P Jourdain), and the « Meilleures dispositions adopter pour la carrosserie des automobiles des transports en commun, tant urbains que ruraux » (Ponset - Métayer). Berlin, 1934 – For the first, reports are translated in English : « Tramways – Autobus – Trolleybus ; essais de coordination et résultats financiers » (R Vente), « Emploi des métaux légers dans la construction du matériel roulant (tramway et autobus) » (H Zehnder - A Hugh and « Utilisation du moteur Diesel ; état actuel de la question d’apr s les derni res expériences » (M Preus - R Stuart-Pilcher) Also published at the same congress but not translated: « Ateliers : disposition et organisation ; travaux d’entretien du matériel roulant. Tramways et autobus… » (J Devienne – Br Dziugiell) and « Rail et route »

Year

RBU

1908

1

1924

1

1926

2

1928

1

1930

3

1932

4

1934

4

1935 1939

2

4

1947 1

1951

1

3

1

1952

1956

5

1

1949

Zürich – Bern, 1939 – “Motorbus rolling material in all countries” (Larchier) and “Working and comparison of the various means of traction: progress and development of omnibuses in Great Britain” (J L Gunn)

ATB

1 1

12

2 2

1

2

2

1954 1955

ABU

1

2

Vienna, 1937 – « Les carburants pour moteurs d’automotrices lég res et d’autobus » (W Wilsens) and « Emploi sur les véhicules de transport en commun des moteurs huile lourde » (Vergniole)

Edinburgh, 1951 – “Power transmission from engine to wheels in motorbuses” (M Paribeni - V Leuzzi)

RTB

1937

1953

Stockholm, 1949 – “The designs of rolling stock for rapid services, speedy fare collection and reduced occupation of road surface: motorbuses” (J L Daubresse – R Dehon)

8

Congress reports and articles 1885-1960

1

28

2 1

1

1957

1

1959

1

Congress reports - Bus Congress reports - Trolleybus

1960

1 28

12

5

Articles - Bus 3

Articles - Trolleybus

9

BUS COMMITTEE – THE ROUTE FROM 1960 TO 2016 Bus Conferences

1995

51st

Paris The Bus Transit System - its Contribution to Promoting Mobility & Quality of Life

1997

52nd

Stuttgart Propellants of the Future

1998

Brugge

1995

Intermediate Mode of Public Transport

1999

53rd

report of Gas Buses

Toronto The development of the hybrid vehicle in Europe, The drive towards the non-polluting bus, Modular systems (Alcan), Zero emission (Evobus), Think tram - use buses (IT).

Nürnberg

1998

Diesel-Electric Buses with Hybrid Drive

Maastricht

2001

Innovation in Road Public Transport

Brisbane

2004

Bus systems driving cities forward

2000 2001

54th

London CNG & FC buses, Improving bus productivity via bus priority systems, FC buses (Evobus)

2003

55th

Madrid SORT, Transmilenio BRT Bogota, NEFLEET FC buses (Mercedes)

Bogota

2007

Bus system without limits!

Lyon

2010

Do green buses bring more customers?

Istanbul

2012

Think Bus! Cost-effectiveness of buses

Rio

2014

Grow with Bus

report of Hybrid Buses

Congress reports since 1961

10

1961

34th

Copenhagen

Air Suspension

1963

35th

Rome Characteristics of Standardised Motorbuses for Urban & Regional Passenger Transport Operation

1965

36th

Tel Aviv Use of Light Weight Metals & Plastic Materials in Motorbus Construction

1967

37th

Barcelona

Measurement of Bus Noise & Air Pollution

1969

38th

London

Standardisation of Motorbuses

1971

39th

Rome

Motorbus of Tomorrow

1973

40th

The Hague

Motorbus & Environment

1975

41st

Nice Motorbus & Man / Maintenance & Reliability of Motorbuses

1977

42nd

Montreal Development of the Bus & its Integration in Modern Transport Systems, Dial-a-Bus & Taxi Services Included

1979

43rd

Helsinki Technical & Economic Aspects of Articulated Buses

1981

44th

Dublin Comparisons of Large Capacity Buses, Progress in Standardisation

1983

45th

Rio de Janeiro Simple & Reliable Buses for Difficult Operating Conditions

1985

46th

Brussels The Motorbus in the year 2000 / Recommendations 1985

1987

47th

Lausanne Optimisation & Bus Maintenance by Computer, Optimum Size of Small Buses

1989

48th

Budapest Buses & Environment: Reducing Exhaust Pollution Maintenance within the Undertaking?

1991

49th

Stockholm

1993

50th

Sydney Thoughts on the Economics of Buses: Acquisition, Operation, Service Life

Defining the Low-Floor Bus

Bus evolution et standardisation / 1978

European Bus of the Future / 2006

Bus Tendenzen / 1987

11

HISTORY LIST OF ALL BUS COMMITTEE MEETING PLACES

BUS COMMITTEE CHAIRMEN 1. C GUZZANTI – Azienda Tramvie e Autobus del Comune di Roma (ATAC) - Rome 2. Yves SAVARY – Régie Autonome des Transports Parisiens (RATP) - Paris 3. André BRECHBÜHL – Verkehrsbetriebe der Stadt Zürich (VBZ) - Zurich 4. Claus LUND – Hovedstadsomradets Trafikselskab (HT) - Copenhagen 5. Jean-Claude MOQUET - Régie Autonome des Transports Parisiens (RATP) - Paris 6. Simon BROWN – London Buses Limited – London 7. Henk WALING – Noord-Zuid-Hollandse Vervoer Maatschappij (NZH) – Haarlem 8. Oscar SBERT LOZANO – Transports Metropolitans de Barcelona (TMB) – Barcelone 9. Ezio CASTAGNA – CTM S.p.A. – Cagliari 10. Thierry WAGENKNECHT – Transports Publics Genevois (TPG) – Geneva 11. Mike WESTON – Transport for London (TfL) – London

1

5

10

12

2

7

11

3

8

4

9

NO.

CITY

DATE

CHAIRMAN

1 meeting

Brussels

11 October 1960

C. GUZZANTI

2 meeting

Brussels

20 December 1961

C. GUZZANTI

3 meeting

Brussels

21 February 1962

C. GUZZANTI

4 meeting

Pisa

5 June 1962

C. GUZZANTI

5 meeting

Paris

5 November 1962

C. GUZZANTI

6 meeting

Edinburgh

11-12 June 1963

C. GUZZANTI

7 meeting

Taormina

9-10 December 1963

C. GUZZANTI

8 meeting

Brussels

20 January 1964

C. GUZZANTI

9 meeting

Bern

26-27 May 1964

C. GUZZANTI

10 meeting

Pisa

14-15 December 1964

C. GUZZANTI

11 meeting

Hamburg

7-8 October 1965

C. GUZZANTI

12 meeting

Lyon-Paris

25-28 April 1966

C. GUZZANTI

13 meeting

Rome

19-21 October 1966

C. GUZZANTI

14 meeting

Brussels

15-16 February 1967

C. GUZZANTI (deputy M. FLONER)

15 meeting

Leyland

7-8 November 1967

C. GUZZANTI (deputy W. LITTLE)

16 meeting

Hamburg

2-3 April 1968

C. GUZZANTI

17 meeting

Turin

4-5 December 1968

C. GUZZANTI

18 meeting

Stockholm

10-11 June 1969

C. GUZZANTI

19 meeting

Madrid

15-16 October 1969

C. GUZZANTI

20 meeting

Paris

5-6 May 1970

C. GUZZANTI (deputy A. FLURY)

21 meeting

New York

19-22 October 1970

C. GUZZANTI (deputy A. FLURY)

22 meeting

Rotterdam

22-23 June 1971

Yves SAVARY

23 meeting

Edinburgh

7-8 September 1971

Yves SAVARY

24 meeting

Brussels

7-8 December 1971

Yves SAVARY

25 meeting

Hamburg

30-31 May 1972

Yves SAVARY

26 meeting

Prague

28-29 September 1972

Yves SAVARY

27 meeting

Florence

19-20 June 1973

Yves SAVARY

28 meeting

Geneva

27-28 November 1973

Yves SAVARY

29 meeting

Paris

4-5 April 1974

Yves SAVARY

30 meeting

Barcelona

8-9 October 1974

Yves SAVARY

13

14

31 meeting

Edinburgh

2-3 September 1975

Yves SAVARY

66 meeting

Barcelona

19-21 March 1998

Simon BROWN

32 meeting

Stockholm

1-2 June 1976

Yves SAVARY

67 meeting

Florence

9-11 September 1998

Simon BROWN

33 meeting

Rotterdam

13-14 October 1976

Yves SAVARY

68 meeting

Geneva

3-5 November 1999

Henk WALING

34 meeting

Brussels

13-14 September 1977

Yves SAVARY

69 meeting

Prague

22-23 March 2000

Henk WALING

35 meeting

Budapest

6-7 April 1978

Yves SAVARY

70 meeting

Avignon

19-20 October 2000

Henk WALING

36 meeting

Hamburg

7-8 September 1978

Yves SAVARY

71 meeting

Berlin

25-26 September 2001

Henk WALING

37 meeting

Zürich

27-28 September 1979

André BRECHBÜHL

72 meeting

Belfast

21-22 March 2002

Henk WALING

38 meeting

Paris

27-28 March 1980

André BRECHBÜHL

73 meeting

Cagliari

24-25 October 2002

Henk WALING

39 meeting

Edinburgh

23-24 October 1980

André BRECHBÜHL

74 meeting

Lüdenscheid

26-28 March 2003

Henk WALING

40 meeting

Stockholm

3-4 September 1981

André BRECHBÜHL

75 meeting

Trieste

2-3 October 2003

Oscar SBERT LOZANO

41 meeting

Rotterdam

4-5 March 1982

André BRECHBÜHL

76 meeting

Amsterdam

1-2 April 2004

Oscar SBERT LOZANO

42 meeting

Salzburg

13-15 October 1982

André BRECHBÜHL

77 meeting

Riga

3-5 November 2004

Oscar SBERT LOZANO

43 meeting

Brussels

1 December 1982

André BRECHBÜHL

78 meeting

Marseilles

20-22 April 2005

Oscar SBERT LOZANO

44 meeting

Barcelona

22-23 September 1983

André BRECHBÜHL

79 meeting

London

12-14 October 2005

Oscar SBERT LOZANO

45 meeting

Cumbria

12-13 April 1984

André BRECHBÜHL

80 meeting

Budapest

5-7 April

Oscar SBERT LOZANO

46 meeting

San Remo

13-14 September 1984

André BRECHBÜHL

81 meeting

Vienna

11-13 October

Oscar SBERT LOZANO

47 meeting

Budapest

12-13 September 1985

André BRECHBÜHL

82 meeting

Barcelona

16-17 April

Oscar SBERT LOZANO

48 meeting

Brussels

17-18 April 1986

André BRECHBÜHL

83 meeting

Verona

21-23 November

Ezio CASTAGNA

49 meeting

Bremen

4-5 September 1986

André BRECHBÜHL

84 meeting

Warsaw

14-16 May

Ezio CASTAGNA

50 meeting

Venise

7-8 September 1987

Claus LUND

85 meeting

Paris

1-3 October

Ezio CASTAGNA

51 meeting

Paris

24-25 March 1988

Claus LUND

86 meeting

Prague

1-3 April

Ezio CASTAGNA

52 meeting

Copenhagen

01-02 September 1988

Claus LUND

87 meeting

Porto

23-24 September

Ezio CASTAGNA

53 meeting

Zürich

01-02 September 1989

Claus LUND

88 meeting

Geneva

14-16 April

Ezio CASTAGNA

54 meeting

Rotterdam

22-23 March 1990

Jean Claude MOQUET

89 meeting

Luxemburg

13-15 October

Ezio CASTAGNA

55 meeting

Milan

6-7 September 1990

Jean Claude MOQUET

90 meeting

Cagliari

28-29 April

Ezio CASTAGNA

56 meeting

Hamburg

5-6 September 1991

Jean Claude MOQUET

91 meeting

Berlin

5-7 October

Thierry WAGENKNECHT

57 meeting

London

23-26 February 1992

Jean Claude MOQUET

92 meeting

stanbul

18 April

Thierry WAGENKNECHT

58 meeting

Paris

2-3 September 1992

Jean Claude MOQUET

93 meeting

Brussels

16 October

Thierry WAGENKNECHT

59 meeting

Salzburg

30-31 August 1993

Jean Claude MOQUET

94 meeting

Madrid

18 April

Thierry WAGENKNECHT

60 meeting

Utrecht

15-16 March 1994

Simon BROWN

95 meeting

Bologna

23-24 October

Thierry WAGENKNECHT

61 meeting

Budapest

24-25 October 1994

Simon BROWN

96 meeting

Copenhagen

22-23 May

Thierry WAGENKNECHT

62 meeting

Bruges

30-31 August 1995

Simon BROWN

97 meeting

Rio

7 November

Thierry WAGENKNECHT

63 meeting

Porto

27-28 March 1996

Simon BROWN

98 meeting

Milan

7 June

Thierry WAGENKNECHT

64 meeting

Copenhagen

23-24 September 1996

Simon BROWN

99 meeting

Manchester

19-20 November

Mike WESTON

65 meeting

Milan

11-12 September 1997

Simon BROWN

100 meeting

Prague

12-13 May

Mike WESTON

15

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