New evidence, new challenges - LSE

15 avr. 2014 - Yes, and then it (grey bar on YouTube) gets stuck. Then a pop up comes up, for example, it would be women, you know those women you can ...
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New evidence, new challenges ICT Coalition, Brussels 15 April, 2014

Co-funded by the European Commission

Updating the evidence base  Austria

 Ireland

 Belgium

 Italy

 Bulgaria

 Lithuania

 Cyprus

 Netherlands

 Czech Republic

 Norway  Poland

 Denmark  Portugal  Estonia  Romania  Finland  Slovenia  France

 Spain

 Germany  Sweden  Greece  Turkey  Hungary  United Kingdom

More mobile devices to go online 15

Boys

32 13

Girls

31 6

9-10 yrs

other handheld devices (2010, 5 countries)

9 26

24 43 14

All

31 0

22 46 19 16

10

25

11-12 yrs

20

30

40

50

daily use of tablets

39

daily use of smartphones

25

13-14 yrs

35

15-16 yrs

Girls

44

mobile phones (2010, 5 countries)

15

13-14 yrs

24

9-10 yrs

18

11-12 yrs

Boys

56

15-16 yrs

21

All

23

65

45 0

20

40

60

80

Slight increase in % who encountered one or more online risks 41

44 47

Boys

40

43

Girls

53

14

15

9-10 yrs

23 2010 (25 countries)

33

36

11-12 yrs

2010 (5 countries)

43

2013 (5 countries) 49

54

13-14 yrs

61 63

64 69

15-16 yrs

41

44

All

0

10

20

50 30

40

50

60

70

80

Tablet and smart phone users more likely to encounter one or more risks 36

Boys

50

40

Girls

18

9-10 yrs

60 66

34 39 35

11-12 yrs

61

2013 none

51 53

2013 tablet users 2013 smartphone users

56

56

13-14 yrs

64

61

15-16 yrs

38

All 0

10

20

55

74 74

50

30

40

50

60

70

80

Rise in cyberbullying, esp. for girls, though offline bullying is still greater 18

Boys

24

24 20

Girls

25

30

17

9-10 yrs

21

26

19

11-12 yrs

24

23

2010 (25 countries) 2010 (5 countries)

18

13-14 yrs

24

2013 (5 countries)

31

21

15-16 yrs

27

28

7

Cyberbullying

10

14 19

All (on- or offline)

24

27

0

5

10

15

20

25

30

35

Slight rise in porn, sexting unchanged Sexual images

Sexual messages

24

28 27

Boys

Boys

13 12

Girls

13 13

21

23 30

Girls

16

13

11

12 14

9-10 yrs

9-10 yrs

16

16 17

11-12 yrs

2010 (25 countries) 2010 (5 countries)

25

29 35

13-14 yrs

5 5

11-12 yrs

2010 (5 countries) 2013 (5 countries)

2013 (5 countries)

13

11 11

13-14 yrs 36

42 46

15-16 yrs

2010 (25 countries)

7

22

21 21

15-16 yrs

14

15 18

Online

26 29

All (on- or offline) 0

10

15

13 12

All

23

20

30

40

50

0

5

10

15

20

25

Rise in meeting strangers offline (only) Meeting strangers online

Meeting strangers offline

29

9

Boys

8

Girls

7

32 30

Boys

30

8

31 29

Girls

3

15 17

9-10 yrs

2010 (25 countries)

20

22 23

11-12 yrs

12

2

9-10 yrs

13

12

5 2010 (25 countries)

4

3

11-12 yrs

2010 (5 countries) 2013 (5 countries)

32

8

13-14 yrs

12 16

14

15-16 yrs

46

44 44

15-16 yrs

31 30 0

10

0 20

30

40

50

21

9

8

All

30

All

2013 (5 countries)

9

37 34

13-14 yrs

2010 (5 countries)

9

12 5

10

15

20

25

Rise in negative UGC, not data misuse Negative UGC Ways of physically harming or hurting themselves

7

Ways of committing suicide

5

Personal data misuse

8 13

5 7

Ways of being very skinny, anorexic or bulimic

10

10 17

Hate messages that attack certain groups or individuals

2010 (25 countries)

1 2

Somebody used their password/their phone to access info or pretend to be them

7

9 6

2010 (25 countries)

2010 (5 countries)

12

15 23

Talk about or share their experiences of taking drugs

1

Lost money by being cheated on the internet

2013 (5 countries)

2010 (5 countries) 4

Somebody used personal information in a way they didn’t like

2013 (5 countries)

5 4

7

8 12

Has seen any such material at all on websites

21

24 31

0

10

9

Experienced one or more

20

30

40

11 9 0

5

10

15

Rise in % who self-report harmful experiences, especially girls & teens In the past 12 months have you seen or experienced something on the internet that has bothered you in some way? For example, made you feel uncomfortable, upset, or feel that you shouldn’t have seen it?

11

13

Boys

13

Girls

9

9-10 yrs

17 17

24

13 14 2010 (25 countries)

11

13

11-12 yrs

2010 (5 countries)

17

2013 (5 countries) 12

15

13-14 yrs

15

15-16 yrs

22 19

30

12

15

All 0

5

21 10

15

20

25

30

35

Qualitative work illustrates kids’ struggle to manage the environment Boy: When you are downloading music, there is this screen at the side with a girl doing dirty stuff! Boy: Some ads come out with those girls, in their bra, showing their whole body. But you can’t put it off … it’s there all the time.” (Spain, boys, 14-16) There was a message that bothered me, once. It was my friend, who was talking to me. (...) And my friend sent me a message that was a picture of me and I opened it and it was linked to a pornographic website! (Portugal, girls, 15) I received a friend request from an old man (31 years old), a stranger. It was very creepy.” (Belgium, girls, 14-16) As soon as a pop up comes up, I don’t like it because things will come up on pop ups. Pop ups will become more pop ups and it’ll just become a big pop up mess. (UK, boy, 12) Yes, and then it (grey bar on YouTube) gets stuck. Then a pop up comes up, for example, it would be women, you know those women you can buy! Real life women! Like you. They are selling them so that men can take advantage of them. (Malta, boys/girls, 14-16)

Smartphone users have more safety skills but, overall, skills have declined EU Kids Online 2010

51

52

56

64

63

And smartphone users need new skills – notable lack among young girls

Thanks! www.eukidsonline.net @EUKIDSONLINE www. netchildrengomobile.eu @netchildren

Co-funded by the European Union